Graduate School of Public and Development Management


On July 18, 2020, the second day of the Certificate Course in Geopolitics and International Relations (CCGIR) Batch 2 started with a lecture from Gen. Emmanuel T. Bautista (Ret.), where he tackled the Geopolitics of the Indo-Pacific and its influence on the Philippines. He said that the Indo-Pacific region is now the epicenter of geopolitical conflict involving big countries such as the United States, China, middle powers Japan, Australia, India and South Korea, as well as the ASEAN. Gen. Bautista explained that the Philippines faces challenges that are linked to its critical geostrategic location. These include asserting our sovereignty without causing conflict, while managing our relations with rivals US and China, and reducing our vulnerability by developing our own capabilities.

During the afternoon session, Atty. Neil S. Silva delivered the fourth lecture on International Law and Global Order. He talked about the historical emergence of international law and the legal foundations of global order. For the latter, Atty. Silva covered topics such as the sources of international law, the Philippine law on treaties, and the dispute settlement mechanisms such as the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

Relevant discussions continued on July 19, 2020 wherein the fifth lecture dealt with security issues in domestic, regional and global levels. In her pre-recorded presentation, Dr. Charmaine Willoughby talked about security as a core concept in international relations. She explained that the nature of security is contested because of its varying definitions at different levels of analysis. Dr. Willoughby then discussed securitization, the process by which an issue is moved from regular politics into the security sphere and its elements, namely context (military, economic, political, societal and environmental), agent and audience.

The final lecture was delivered by Dir. Jesse Pascasio where he talked about "Geoeconomics and the World Economy." He introduced the concept of geoeconomics and discussed how statecraft is practiced by Western and Asian states. Dir. Pascasio noted that the lack of a viable party system in the Philippines has led to a dysfunctional policy making process which limits our ability to compete in the geoeconomic sphere. He then proceeded with describing the present geoeconomic world order and the ongoing rivalry between China and the US, and their implications on the Philippines.

After the six lectures, Prof. Julio Amador III provided a brief synthesis. He stated that the aim of the CCGIR is to provide participants with vital knowledge on geopolitics and international relations for them to become better interpreters of the issues that are hounding the Philippines geopolitically and qualified commentators on difficult issues that challenge the country.

During the virtual closing program, DAP-GSPDM SVP and Dean Dr. Lizan E. Perante-Calina acknowledged each of the 20 participants and thanked them for their effort and enthusiasm in joining the course. She congratulated the batch for completing the course and hoped that the Graduate School had empowered them to become informed leaders and ethical global citizens. The participants were also awarded e-certificates at the end of the program.

Development Academy of the Philippines
Graduate School of Public and Development Management
DAP Building, San Miguel Ave., Ortigas Center, Pasig City
Tel No: 8-631-2167 | 8-631-0921


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The DAP is the National Productivity Organization in the Philippines of the Asian Productivity Organization.

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